From the

Clostridium difficile

Clostridium difficile is the main infectious cause of healthcare-associated diarrhea, and can lead to extremely serious and incapacitating pseudomembranous colitis. Due to its oral-fecal route of transmission and the persistence of spores on inert surfaces, C. difficile is highly contagious and requires drastic measures involving patient isolation, hygiene and disinfection.

In vitro diagnostics

Analysis of biological samples (urine, blood, etc.) performed outside the human body.

Antibiotic resistance

Antibiotic resistance is the ability of bacteria to resist the effects of an antibiotic that was once able to treat infections caused by those bacteria.

Antibiotic Susceptibility Testing

Determines the susceptibility of a bacterium in the presence of antibiotics and classifies it as susceptible, resistant or intermediate.

ANTOINE

BIOMARKERS TO DIFFERENTIATE BACTERIAL FROM VIRAL INFECTIONS

ASM

American Society for Microbiology

Biomarker

Any indicator (nucleic acids, enzymes, metabolites and other types of molecules: histamines, hormones, proteins, etc.) present in the body or excreted by it as a biological response to a disease.

Blood culture

Laboratory analysis used to detect bloodstream infections. It is carried out by taking a sample of venous blood, which is then cultured to reveal the presence or absence of pathogenic microbes.

BSAC

British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

Carbapenemases

A group of β-lactamases enzymes that hydrolyze carbapenems, a sub-class of antibiotics with the broadest spectrum of antibacterial activity, used primarily for the treatment of multi-drug resistant bacterial infections