From the

ASM

American Society for Microbiology

ECCMID

European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization

OIE

The World Organisation for Animal Health

ESAC

European Surveillance of Antimicrobial Consumption

PAD

Paper-based Analytical Device

ESBL

Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase

Typing

A method used to characterize bacteria by comparing two organisms, based on their composition or metabolism.

Septicaemia

Severe systemic infection caused by pathogenic microorganisms present in the bloodstream and which can evolve into a sepsis or septic shock (the most severe form of sepsis, due to acute circulatory failure as a result of a microbial infection).

Sepsis

A serious systemic infection characterized by the presence of bacteria, fungi, viruses and parasites in the blood and combined with an inflammatory immune-reaction (host response) that can result in the rapid deterioration of the patient’s general condition leading to possible organ failure.